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Destination Details

Banská Štiavnica, Slovakia

Spatial  Characteristics of the World Heritage Area

The area inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List includes a wide territory surrounding the town of Banská Štiavnica, located in the centre of the Štiavnica Hills. They are the largest volcanic mountain range containing minerals and rock from all the periods of neovolcanism (andesites, rhyolites, rhyodacites, dacites, whinstones, their tuffs and pyroclastics). Older rock strata from the earlier Paleozoic and Mezozoic time periods appear on the surface in the tectonic window of Hodruša - Vyhne. This area is known as  a mecca of minerals with nearly 150 types of them. Gold and silver bearing ores as well as other polymetallic deposits were continually exploited in the district of Banská Štiavnica as early as  the 11th century. In 1156 this area was called „terra banensium", i.e. the territory of miners (in 1217 Bana), and the richness of silver ores gave rise to the name „Argentinofodina" in the 12th and 13th centuries. The prevalent form of the terrain is a cut off fluvial plateau, a highland and upland fork-like relief,  stepping down to pediment  hilly country. Weathered remains of funnels and mineral veins often stand out as cliffs with stone seas (in Vyhne).

A considerable part of the territory is deforested and changed into plowed fields, orchards, meadows and woody landscape interspersed with the mining works (waste dumps, shafts, probing openings, landfills, pits and reservoirs). As many as 29 species of protected plants and 11 species of protected animals occur in the Protected Landscape Area of the Štiavnica Hills.

There are several archeological  finding-places in evidence in the region - the historic core of the Town Monument Reserve, Štiavnické Bane, Glanzenberg, Offenhubel, Terézia Shaft, Horná Roveň, Sitno Hill, ruins of the castle at Sitno - Ilija, as well as national cultural monuments and sites and technical ones.

Must see:

THE HOLY TRINITY SQUARE  /Nám. sv. Trojice/

TOWN HALL  /Radnica/

THE ASSUMPTION OF THE VIRGIN MARY CHURCH /Kostol Nanebovzatia Panny Márie/

THE EVANGELICAL CHURCH /Evanjelický kostol/

THE PIARG GATE /Piarska brána/

THE CALVARY /Kalvária/

ACADEMY OF FORESTY AND MINING /Banícka a lesnícka akadémia/

RESERVOIRS - ARTIFCIAL LAKES AROUND BANSKÁ ŠTIAVNICA /Tajchy/

BOTANICAL GARDEN /Botanická záhrada/

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